Feb 17

Everything you need to know about breastfeeding

Breast milk is the best nutrition for your baby, and the baby should be breastfeeding of all first years.

The first six months the baby does not need anything else than breastmilk, as long as the baby grows in the way he should.

Breast milk is dynamic and flexible. When the baby eats often, the milk production will increase in response to the baby's needs.

The sign that a baby gets enough milk is when the baby eats at least 8-10 times a day and has plenty of wet diapers and regular bowel movements.

Health benefit of breastfeeding:

The breast milk composition is perfectly made to the needs of the baby´s nutrient as it contains fat, carbohydrates, proteins, iron, vitamins, enzymes, and antibodies, everything the baby needs for growth and development.

Antibodies are essential for the development of the immune system in the baby, which also helps keep the baby healthy.

Baby's that get breast milk have a lower chance of gastrointestinal infections and respiratory infections, including ear infections, throughout the breastfeeding period.

The baby receives hormones and enzymes that affect the child's physiological maturation.Skin-to-skin contact is essential in the development of the mother-child relationship.

Protects against sudden infant death syndrome, and probably also against later obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Babies who have been breastfeeding even score higher in intelligence tests.

When breastfeeding, you will help the uterus to contract after birth.

Many moms find that menstruation is absent when they are breastfeeding, which can be a protection against pregnancy, but one cannot rely solely on this.

Breastfeeding requires a lot of energy, so it may be easier to get back to your normal weight after birth if you are breastfeeding.

Breastfeeding releases oxytocin and "love-hormones" that create a stronger emotional baby-mother connection.

Studies shows that this can make it easier for the baby to handle stress later in life.

Can prevent depression in the initial phase, which many mothers say they experience after birth.

Breastfeeding can prevent various lifestyle diseases for mom, and also the baby later in life.

It is environmentally friendly, ecologic, practical, economical and hygienic.

 

Breastfeeding positions:



Baby formula:

When breastfeeding is a challenge or some circumstances makes breastfeeding not possible, you can use baby formula.

The baby formula has about the same content of nutrients as breast milk but lacks some of the breast milk components that are beneficial to the baby.

Breastfeeding can be much higher than expected, many of the challenges lead to a negative experience for the mom.

Studies show that many moms quit breastfeeding in a month postpartum because of struggles and problems.



 

Reasons why mothers stop breastfeeding:

Sore chest buds or wounds that makes breast feeding very unpleasant and painful.

Inverted chest buds, a challenge for the baby to attach to the breast.

This can be painful, close the milky way, and the child may have trouble drinking as much milk comes at a time.

The baby has difficulty sucking on the chest bud.

Challenges for the baby can lead to uneasy baby and crying, which will cause the baby to use lots of energy, and again make it more difficult to attach to the chest.

A situation like this can make both baby and mom anxious and stressed. Mom can feel that they cannot satisfy their baby.

Mastitis that is an inflammation of the breast or udder.

Too little milk production.

There are many ways to meet these challenges and always ask for help from midwives or other specialists if there is something you struggle with.

There are often small adjustments needed for successful breastfeeding, and today there are also many auxiliary tools you can try.

If the baby find it hard to attach to the chest but you can pump out breast milk, you can give breast milk on a bottle.


What can you eat when you are breastfeeding? 

Good eating habits are always relevant, and when breastfeeding you need to think about getting all the nutrients that you need, so this is perfect timing for developing good habits.

Breastfeeding takes a lot of energy, so eat varied and at least four meals per day, with some healthy snacks between the main meals.



What you should eat:

Fruit and vegetables.
Oats, nuts and full whole grain.
Milk products.
Eggs.
Beans and lenses.
Animal products. If you are a vegetarian, you need to make sure that you get enough and vitamin B12.
Vitamin C will help your body to absorb iron, so add some extra vitamin C in the diary.
Drink enough water, and do not drink more than two cups of coffee or liquid that contains caffeine, because that can make your baby restless and problems with sleeping.


Many moms tell stories that the baby can have pain in the stomach from some food, like onion, bald, garlic, broccoli, lemon, and some fruits.

It is very individual how the baby reacts to what the moms are eating, and there may be a connection.

If you feel that your baby is more restless and uneasy after a meal, try to quit the food that you think can cause this, for a whole week, and see if you can see a connection between stomach pain and foods that your baby react to.


 
How to storage pumped breast milk:


Storage pumped breast milk is a smart way to get milk when breastfeeding is not possible, or if you have too much breast milk or feel engorgement.
Breast milk contains antibodies that make the breast milk drinkable after being in room temperature for 6 hours. Compare to the baby formula that needs to be used immediately.


Two ways to store breast milk

1) In the fridge: Put the breast milk in the coldest place in the refrigerator, not in the door, to keep it cold as possible. Breast milk can be stored in the fridge for 3-5 days, but do always smell and taste the milk before giving it to the baby. 

You warm up the breast milk by holding the feeding bottle in hot water bath for a few seconds, always check the temperature before feeding.
Do not use boiling water or microwave. That can harm the breast milk, and the temperature can be uneven and harm your baby. If the breast milk gets a temperature above 40 degrees, the nutrient will be destroyed. 


2) In the freezer: You can store the breast milk in the freezer up to 6 months. You warm up by putting the frozen breast milk in the fridge and leave it overnight, or if you need to use it straight away, you can use a cold water bath and put the breast milk in. Cold water does not harm the nutrient and doesn't make bad bacteria grow. Then after the breast milk is not frozen anymore, you can warm it in hot water bath.

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