When your baby is 3 months old, things start to calm down. Good permanent routines are beginning to come in place, and you can now see more and more that your baby is starting to become a person.
These daily routines will your baby start to have expectations of, and to a greater extent, predict what will happen to specific with these daily routines. Permanent daily routines will increase safety feeling to the baby.
The baby begins to understand the relationship between movements and sounds from the surroundings. You and your baby start to know each other very well, which makes things easier. You will also notice how active the baby is, with movement, more extended eye contact, sounds and smiles.
Body contact is still a significant factor, which will increase the development of the senses. It provides security, and the baby feels more close to his caregivers. This time is perfect to start with baby massage, which you can introduce as a daily routine, for example, this can be very calming for the baby before bedtime.
Your baby discovers something new with himself, his hand!
How to stimulate a 3 months old baby:
Activities and toys will be some of the most interesting for your baby now. It is precisely through play that the child learns new knowledge and new skills.
Take your baby in front of a mirror and talk to the mirror image. It will be something new and interesting, and a fun way to activate and stimulate your baby. You can also put a mirror in front of your baby when lying on the floor or in the baby's gym, so the baby holds his head up and talks to his reflection. Babies love other babies, so seeing themselves will be incredibly exciting and fun.
The baby loves to hear familiar voices, rhythms, and sounds, so sing a baby's song where you use both hands and feet of the baby. Another way to stimulate the baby through sounds is to place the baby in the middle of the room and talk to the baby from different places, to see the reactions and how the baby turns towards the sounds. Stimulates senses and increase the muscles of the neck and back.
A baby gym should contain toys of different colors, contours, and materials to capture the baby's interest and attention. It also makes the baby gym much more fun. You may also want to get some teething toys, as the baby often uses his mouth to explore objects.
Start to reading books for your baby, a few simple books with pictures, and let the baby recognize sounds you make and seeing the images, that will contribute to more logical thinking.
Vision and hearing:
At birth, your baby could look at 20-25 cm distance. Now the baby can both focus the gaze on objects close to 6 cm in addition to objects that are several meters away. The eyes can focus on moving objects, and the gaze can move from one object to another. The head can also be turned 90 degrees to each side if the eye follows something that the child finds interesting.
A hanging mobile that moves will be perfect for your baby, so he can both keep an eye on the eye and follow the movement.
Senses and motor skills:
The baby now has even greater body control and joints controlled with arms and legs. The muscles are getting stronger, so the baby does not need so much support to keep his head up when lying in the stomach. He can also kick even harder with the legs.
A stronger musculature and a baby that develops in record speed increase the risk of accidents, so keep a good eye of the baby at the changing table, and other places where there is a danger that the baby may fall. Do not leave your baby alone, the baby can easily roll, and before you can think about it, he suddenly can get around on his own.
Now your baby develops the grab function so that he can grab objects that are nearby or kept right in front of him.
Nutrition and sleep:
Breast milk will still be the best nutrition for your baby, and if you don't breastfeed baby formula.
The fluid requirement for a baby is 125ml / kg but may vary as it is hot, or if the baby is sick and has fever, vomiting or diarrhea. There will be some difference between children who receive breast milk and baby formula, as a baby who is breastfeeding regulate their fluid intake, how long and how often he should breast-feed, while with baby formula, one has to measure and calculate how much fluid the baby should have during the day.
How long and when the baby sleeps is very individual, but most baby´s start to get sleep routines, where the longest sleep is at night. Your baby sleeps about 3-4 times a day. Continue with good routines, so your baby starts to understand the difference between night and day.
Reflections and movement patterns begin to become more self-determined and controlled. For example, your baby can now open and close their hands without reflexes included, and the movement of the arms and legs are now a communication to show happiness and pleasure.
Communication and social development:
Babies are experts in mimicking their parents, and he will find it funny when the parents mimic the baby. Make facial movements and sounds your baby can try to imitate, which will develop in an interesting conversation between you.
Your baby starts to see the connection with what is happening in everyday life, such as getting attention from the parents when he is crying, which is an essential step in the development, as the baby understands how to express their needs. You may also notice that the baby get anxious if the caregivers leave the room, as the baby may feel unsafe if he thinks he is alone. The world is still very new and can be scary.
These discoveries for your baby mean the baby is now starting to understand that there is a world out there.
Eye contact between you and the baby continues to develop, and you can notice that the baby is accompanying you all the time, and as you walk, he will follow you around the room. Eye contact is particularly important and an emotional process that brings you even closer together
The baby can now show what people he wants to be with and not, and can in a way some fear of new people he meets.
Play and talk to the baby, in response you may be able to hear the baby´s first laugh, a new and wonderful reaction for the parents. You find that your baby can now feel that play and communication are exciting and fun.